The IGC has started postgraduate training with the format of a PhD programme in 1993. The first programme was the Gulbenkian PhD Programme in Biology and Medicine (PGDBM), a successful pioneering programme that was followed by the Gulbenkian PhD Programme in Biomedicine (PGDB). The merit of this innovative programme l was recognised and consequently adopted by other national and international institutions. The IGC has also had other PhD Programmes, including a PhD Programme in Computational Biology (PDBC) and a Programme for Advanced Medical Education (PGMFA), both extremely important in order to fill gaps in the national research knowledge in these two fields.
In 2013, 20 years after the beginning of the first IGC PhD programme, the national science foundation (FCT) started supporting the PhD Programme in Integrative Biomedical Sciences (PDIGC – PIBS) that has been continued as the PhD Programme in Integrative Biology and Biomedicine – IBB, the current Programme.