Trained immunity: a memory for innate host defense

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No IGC decorrem semanalmente diversos seminários, uma iniciativa que pretende reunir todos os investigadores em torno dos temas em debate.

As sessões, com investigadores internos ou convidados, contribuem para estimular a cultura aberta e extremamente colaborativa própria do IGC.

Pode consultar o resumo deste seminário em inglês.

Induction of trained immunity (innate immune memory) is mediated by activation of immune and metabolic pathways that result in epigenetic rewiring of cellular functional programs. Chromatin accessibility as assessed by histone modifications at the level of promotors (H3K4me3, H3K27Ac) or enhancers (H3K4me1) is an important mechanism mediating these programs. Through network-level integration of transcriptomics, epigenetics and metabolomics data, we identify glycolysis, glutaminolysis, and the cholesterol synthesis pathway as indispensable for the induction of trained immunity by beta-glucan in monocytes. Accumulation of fumarate, due to glutamine replenishment of the TCA cycle, integrates immune and metabolic circuits to induce monocyte epigenetic reprogramming. Furthermore, fumarate itself induces trained immunity, with induction of an epigenomic program similar to β-glucan-induced trained immunity. Identification of the molecular pathways contributing to induction of trained immunity contributes to our understanding of innate immune memory and opens new therapeutic avenues. Finally, the use of live attenuated vaccines such as BCG can induce beneficial heterologous effects in infections and cancer.



Mihai G. Netea
Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands


Colin Adrain