The ageing of the population, as a result of increased longevity and declining birth rates, is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century.
According to the UN, priority must be given to development, health and well-being, and to the creation of favourable environments to ensure that all people can age with security and dignity, while continuing to participate in society as citizens with full rights, in their final years of life, thereby ensuring active, healthy and successful ageing.
On the other hand, guidelines from the World Health Organization stress the need to guarantee social support for seniors such that they may live with security and independently at home and in the community as they age.
- Promote and strengthen the autonomy of older persons;
- Empower family and professional caregivers;
- Prevent violence and abuse.