Révolution École 1918-1939

By Joanna Grudzinska

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This is the story of a “velvet revolution” – peaceful and non-violent – that of education. It is also the story of a broken dream whose emergence, disappearance and re-emergence can be evidenced through largely forgotten archive documents.

In the wake of World War I in Europe, some pointed to school – “a factory of subjugation” – as a catalyst of the disaster. Between the two Great Wars, more radical educational experiments were tried to design a different type of school, to build peace.  

Rudolf Steiner, Maria Montessori, Célestin Freinet, Alexander S. Neill, Ovide Decroly, Paul Geheeb and Janusz Korczak are some of the charismatic figures who propelled this counter-movement that sought non-punitive and emancipatory forms of education – the invention of a new type of school. 

Included in the dance not dance programme, this session is followed by a panel discussion on art and education as part of the celebrations of the centenary of Madalena Perdigão’s birth, bringing together several generations of artists and pedagogues, such as Ana Marques Gastão, Maria Emília Brederode Santos, Patrícia Portela and João Fiadeiro.

Image © Les Films du Poisson

Joanna Grudzinska (1977, Poland) studied philosophy in Paris and cinema in Brussels. She has worked as an author, director, casting director, producer and actress. She regularly collaborates with directors Emmanuel Finkiel, Bertrand Bonello, Eyal Sivan Sivan and Werner Schroeter. She has written and directed medium-length films, which have been shown on channels such as ARTE and France Television, as well as at numerous festivals.

dance not dance

This event is included in the (re)performances, films and talks series which constitutes the first part of dance not dance – archaeologies of the new dance in Portugal. More info.



Joanna Grudzinska


Estelle Fialon


Joanna Grudzinska, Léa Todorov, Laurent Roth, François Prodromidès


Raphaëlle Martin-Holger, Catherine Zins


Sébastien Gaxie


Véronique Nowak

Executive production

Claire Babany

Sound editing

Josefina Rodriguez

Sound mixing

Mathieu Farnarier


Les Films du Poisson


Arte France

The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation reserves the right to collect and keep records of images, sounds and voice for the diffusion and preservation of the memory of its cultural and artistic activity. For further information, please contact us through the Information Request form.


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