Former Presidents

Since its establishment in 1956, the Gulbenkian Foundation has had five presidents. The first was José de Azeredo Perdigão (1956 – 1993), followed by António Ferrer Correia (1993 – 1998), Victor Sá Machado (1998 – 2002), Emílio Rui Vilar (2002 – 2012) and Artur Santos Silva (2012 – 2017). Mikael Essayan, grandson of Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian, was appointed Honorary President of the Gulbenkian Foundation.