Root Fixation System

Blueprint belonging to the archive of landscape architect António Facco Viana Barreto, housed at Sacavém Fort – Headquarters of Cultural Heritage.


Root Fixation System (1959) developed by the landscape architects António Facco Viana Barreto, Álvaro Ponce Dentinho and Albano Castelo Branco for the terraces of the Hotel Ritz, designed by the architect Pardal Monteiro in Lisbon.

António Facco Viana Barreto was invited by Ruy Athouguia to participate in the Gulbenkian preliminary draft, in particular in the preliminary definition of the plants to be maintained and, above all, regarding the treatment to be given to the plant cover of the roofed underground parking area that was anticipated to be an area of about 7,000 m2. At that time, it was not very common to build underground parking lots, particularly over such a vast area. However, the experience he already had in this type of roofing facilitated our participation in the project [i].

The landscape architect’s knowledge was very important for the roof of the underground parking as proposed by the winning team of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation headquarters and museumGroup A.

However, the challenge faced by António Facco Viana Barreto was now greater, since the roofing of the proposed parking lot presented new variables:

– dimension and slope.

– problems of drainage and water accumulation, creating adverse conditions for the plant cover.


[i] António Facco VIANA BARRETO, “ Os jardins da Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian” in A Utopia e os Pés na Terrapp. 213-215, Ministério da Cultura, Lisboa, 2003. p.  214.


  • Production date: 1959
  • Designers (main authors): BARRETO, António Facco Viana
  • Project phase: Do concurso ao anteprojeto
  • Temporal coverage: 1959
  • Type of data: Image
  • Extension format: 1 desenho
  • Media format: jpg
  • Keywords: technical design

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