• Egypt, Third Intermediate period, Dynasty XXIII (818-793 BC) 
  • Bronze inlaid with gold and copper 
  • Inv. 52
  • Egyptian Art

Torso of King Pedubast

Egypt, Third Intermediate period, Dynasty XXIII (818-793 BC) 

The inscription on the belt and vertical band of the apron reveal that this fragment of a marching male figure that was evidently for use in a temple depicts King Pedubast, the first pharaoh of the twenty-third dynasty.

In addition to the hieroglyphic inscription, the sophisticated gold and copper inlay forms a pattern of feathers that imbues this piece with the characteristic magnificence of bronzes from the Third Intermediate Period (1070-712 BC), a period of great political power and consequent artistic dynamism.

The decoration of the apron also includes a panther’s head and a frieze of uraeus, symbolising the power of this king, who was – according to the inscription – “beloved of Amun”, the son of the goddess Bastet and “King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands.”

Provenance

Count Grégoire Stroganoff, Rome; Acquired by Calouste Gulbenkian from Frederik Muller, through Duveen, Amsterdam, December 13th, 1921 (lot 612)

H. 26 cm 
Assam 1991

Maria Helena Assam – Arte Egípcia, Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, 1991, p. 64-65, colourpl.

New York 1999

“Only the Best”. Masterpieces of the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon, exhibition catalogue, Katharine Baetjer e James David Draper (eds.) – New York (The Metropolitan Museum of Art), 1999, p. 25, no. 7, colourpl.

Lisbon 2001

Calouste Gulbenkian Museum – Album, Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, 2001, p. 19, no. 4, colourpl.

Araújo, 2006

Luís Manuel de Araújo – Arte Egípcia na Colecção Calouste Gulbenkian. Lisboa: Museu Calouste Gulbenkian, 2006, p. 98-99, no. 16, colourpl.