• Venice, ca. 1775
  • Oil on canvas
  • Inv. 390
  • Painting

The Feast of the Ascension in St Mark’s Square

Francesco Guardi

Considered to be one of Guardi’s masterpieces, the veduta represents St Mark’s Square decorated in preparation for Venice’s most sumptuous festival, the Festa della Sensa. This event took place on Ascension Day and celebrated the symbolic marriage between Venice and the sea, an evocation of the ancient victory that gave the city naval control over the Adriatic.

Besides the basilica, the painting also shows the bell tower, the clock tower and, just visible on the right, the buildings that housed the Procurators of San Marco, partially covered by temporary arcades where the finest Venetian crafts were displayed.

In a painting imbued with striking atmospheric effects, the painter creates a fantastic, theatrically dynamic space, replete with contrasts, giving the impression that everything is alive and immediate. The characters in the foreground, who are skilfully distributed around the festive ‘setting’, add movement and a sense of feverish agitation to the whole.

Provenance

1st Earl of Camperdown; 2nd Earl of Camperdown, 1859-1867; Lady Julia Duncan, Baroness Abercromby, 1867-1915; Georgina Wilhelmina Mercer-Henderson, Countess of Buckinghamshire; Acquired by Calouste Gulbenkian at auction at Christie’s, London, 11th March 1919.

61 x 91 cm

Pallucchini 1965

Rodolfo Palluchini – Colecção Calouste Gulbenkian. Francesco Guardi. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 1965, no. 3, pl.

Morassi 1973

Antonio Morassi – Guardi. L’Opera completa di Antonio e Francesco Guardi. Venice: Alfieri, 1973, vol. I, p. 187-89, no. 277, p. 361-62; vol. II, no. 307.

Muraro 1993

Michelangelo Muraro – Os Guardi da Colecção C. Gulbenkian / The Guardi Paintings of the C. Gulbenkian Collection. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 1993, no. 7, pl., p. 28-31.

Sampaio 2009

Luísa Sampaio - Painting in the Calouste Gulbenkian Collection. Milan: Skira; Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2009, no. 54, pl., p. 128-29.

Calouste Gulbenkian Museum 2011

Calouste Gulbenkian Museum. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2011, no. 132, pl., p. 156.