Nicolas-Bernard Lépicié

A collection of stories: weekly, we share a story around the Founder’s Collection. The month of September is dedicated to stories of self-portraits.
Nicolas-bernard Lépicié, 'Self-portrait' (detail), c. 1777. Oil on canvas. Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

Nicolas-Bernard Lépicié (1735–1784) was an 18th century French painter, the son of engravers François-Bernard Lépicié and Renée-Élisabeth Marlié. His initial instruction in art came from his father and he later went on to receive training from painter Carle Vanloo.

In the 1760s, Lépicié joined the Académie Royale de Peinture et Sculpture, where he later became a teacher. During his career, he worked on several royal commissions, creating works for the Petit Trianon at Versailles and the École Militaire in Paris, among other venues. The painter also created compositions for use as templates for tapestries at the Gobelins Manufactory.

He was especially well-known for his genre painting and his realist portraits, two of which were purchased directly from Baron Rothschild in 1943 by Calouste Gulbenkian and now form part of the Gulbenkian Collection. The first, an oil painting produced in c. 1777, is thought to depict Louis XV’s favourite astronomer, Pierre Charles Le Monnier (1715–1799), surrounded by the optical instruments that were in vogue at the time.

Nicolas-bernard Lépicié, 'Self-portrait', c. 1777. Oil on canvas. Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

The second is a self-portrait painted at around the same time as The Astronomer; the two works are believed to have been displayed as a pair at the 1777 Paris Salon. Both paintings are oval in shape, with similar dimensions and formal characteristics. The painter holds a pen with a chalk tip in an allusion to his profession. Although it is a self-portrait, the painting is also thought to be a homage to the painter Jean-Siméon Chardin, as it contains several features which are identical to a composition by the latter that currently hangs in the Louvre. A very similar self-portrait in terms of format, pose and colours – albeit depicting the painter at the end of his life – can be found at the Boucher de Perthes Museum.

Despite his premature death, Lépicié left behind a considerable number of works, which now form part of international collections such as those of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid and the Louvre Museum in Paris.


A Collection of Stories

On a weekly basis, we shared a story around Calouste Gulbenkian’s collection. This section was created in 2020, which is why the articles refer to the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum collection as the Founder’s Collection.

Other stories
Updated on 06 may 2022

Cookies settings

Cookies Selection

The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation uses cookies to improve your browsing experience, security, and its website performance. The Foundation may also use cookies to share information on social media and to display messages and advertisements personalised to your interests, both on our website and in others.