Born in Castelo de Paiva, Jorge Teixeira began studying music with his father, Joaquim Teixeira, then at the age of eleven he started violin lessons at the Escola de Música e Bailado de Linda-a-Velha, where he was a student of Vasco Broco and José Ferreira. In 1987, he completed the Advanced Violin Course, with Leonor Prado at the Conservatório Nacional de Lisboa. He graduated in violin from the Escola Superior de Música de Lisboa in 2000.
He has been a member of several Portuguese youth orchestras (he was soloist and concertmaster of Collegium Musicum, Orquestra Sinfónica Juvenil and of Orquestra das Escolas de Música Particulares), and also abroad (Orchestre des Jeunes de la Méditerranée, Philharmonic Orchestra of Europe, Orchestre de l’Académie des Archets and Orchestre des Pays de Savoie). He has performed solo with the RDP Orquestra Sinfónica and the Orquestra D. Pedro V.
He works regularly in the area of chamber music, and was a violinist with the Quarteto Capela quartet. He was a chamber music teacher at the Orquestra das Escolas de Música Particulares and orchestra teacher at the Orquestra Metropolitana de Lisboa.
He currently teaches violin at the Escola de Música e Bailado de Linda-a-Velha, and is musical director of the Orquestra D. Pedro V. He joined the Gulbenkian Orchestra in 1991.