Superstar Pharaohs

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Tutankhamun, Nefertiti, Cleopatra… today these pharaohs are celebrities, but that was not always the case. Discover how the figure of the pharaoh and Ancient Egypt captured our imagination through five thousand years of History.

Superstar Pharaohs is conceived around the figure of the Pharaoh and the place occupied in our imagination by Ancient Egypt, through 5,000 years of history, from antiquity to the present day. It aims to reflect on the popularity of the historical and sometimes mythical figures of the Pharaohs.

These also serve as a parable to illustrate the nature and channels of ‘celebrity,’ highlighting its ephemeral, changeable side, not always associated with historical recognition. Khufu, Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ramesses and Cleopatra are still familiar names, thousands of years after the death of these Pharaohs. But, nowadays, who can remember Teti, Senwosret or Nectanebo?

From Egyptian antiquities to pop music, incorporating medieval illuminations and classical painting, this exhibition brings together different kinds of objects, such as archaeological pieces, historical documents and works, and contemporary objects.

On display will be around 250 pieces from important European collections, among them the British Museum, the Musée du Louvre, the Museo Egizio (Turin), the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford), the Musée d’Orsay (Paris), the  Mucem – Musée des Civilisations de l’Europe et de la Méditerranée (Marseille), the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal (Lisbon).

The exhibition also provides an opportunity to reflect on the Egyptian art section of the Gulbenkian Museum and on the relationship that collector established with Egyptologist Howard Carter, his advisor in most of his purchase, framed by the commemorations of the centenary of the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb by Howard Carter and the bicentenary of Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion first deciphering hieroglyphs.




Download the Gulbenkian Museum App to access a free audioguide.


Three thousand years of history

What remains of the pharaohs?

Return of the Pharaohs

Pharaohs Facts

Complementary Programs


Guided tour and conversation: Egypt – the nearly distant land
With Sarah Nagaty, in English
Fri, 24 Feb; 03 Mar / 19:00
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Group visits

Guided tour: Superstar Pharaohs
With Carlos Carrilho, Filipa Santos e Raquel Feliciano, in Portuguese, English and French
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Self-guided tour: Superstar Pharaohs 
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Tutankhamun and Carter: Assessing the Impact of a Major Archaeological Find
Thu, 16 Feb and Fri, 17 Feb
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Film program

In the Lands of the Pharaohs. Representations of Ancient Egypt in the cinema
06 Jan – 19 Jan 2023
Cinemateca Portuguesa
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Bibliographical exhibition

Calouste Gulbenkian and Egypt
Art Library Hall
16 Nov 22 – 06 Mar 23
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Frédéric Mougenot – Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille
João Carvalho Dias – Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

In partership with

With the special participation

Insurance Sponsor

Exhibition Sponsor

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