Julião Sarmento

1948 – 2021

Julião Sarmento is one of the most internationally renowned Portuguese artists. From the 1970s, he forged a singular career around the representation of the human figure in an ambiguous territory, generally associated with desire, violence, compulsiveness and sexuality, using and combining different supports such as photography, video, installation, painting and printmaking. After a period in London (1964-1965), he embarked on his artistic journey attending the Architecture course at the Escola Superior de Belas-Artes de Lisboa (ESBAL), between 1967 and 1974, which he never completed.

His interests, strongly influenced by English-language cultures, focused on developing themes and images inspired by literature and cinema, almost always present in his works in the form of quotations, montages and procedural manipulations. It was in a context configured by post-minimalist, post-pop and post-conceptual legacies that the first, original lines of Julião Sarmento’s work were inscribed.

His career, generally divided into distinct phases, engaged in dialogue with the various dominant trends in the visual arts, without lessening their singularity. Initially, in the 1970s, the image was reproducible and relationships of meaning between text and image were a priority, gradually evolving to form a discourse on desire, based on pictorial devices generally associated with a ‘return to painting,’ characteristic of the ‘80s, for which he made use of textures and contrasts accentuated by the matter of the painting’s support. The purification of compositional elements came to define the evolution of a body of work that insisted on the negativity of the representation, on the inscription of the brush stroke on a white background, in an enigmatic game, somewhere between seduction and violation, fragmenting and diluting, bit by bit, the image obtained between the cracks of the imagination. There followed a ramification into kisses, the touch and perforation of flesh, knives that threaten to cut, tables, dresses that conceal, hands and feet, gloves, architecture, the interior and exterior space, the marks of a presence, the traces of transgression.

Julião Sarmento held his first solo exhibition in 1976, in the Modern Art Gallery of the Sociedade Nacional de Belas Artes (SNBA), and in 1983 he was one of the participating artists in the controversial group exhibition Depois do Modernismo (After Modernism), also at the SNBA. In 1997, he represented Portugal at the 47th Venice Biennale. Other highlights of his career include participation in major contemporary art events, such as: documenta 7, in 1982, and documenta 8, in 1987, the XI Paris Biennial, in 1980, the 49th Venice Biennale, in 2001, the 25th São Paulo Biennial, in 2002, as well as other projects that gave him strong international recognition. Equally relevant were his collaborations with Atom Egoyan at the 48th Venice Biennale in 2001, and with John Baldessari and Lawrence Weiner on a film made in 2004.

Often mentioned by critics over the last thirty years – Germano Celant, Alexandre Melo, Nancy Spector, Delfim Sardo, Hubertus Gabner, James Lingwood, Adrian Searle and Louise Neri, among others – Julião Sarmento displayed his work at many significant national and international institutions: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Serralves Foundation, Museo de Bellas Artes de Málaga, Luís Cernuda Foundation, in Seville, IVAM, in Valencia, Guggenheim, in New York, and Van Abbemuseum, Witte de With and Stedelijk Museum, in the Netherlands.

PF
May 2010

 

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